Amateur Radio Newsline(tm) Report 1545 - March 23, 2007
Amateur Radio Newsline(tm) Report 1545 - March 23, 2007
Amateur Radio Newsline report number 1545 with a
release date of Friday, March 23rd, 2007 to follow in 5-4-3-2-1.
The following is a Q-S-T. The power goes out and
the interference goes away. Find out how a bolt
of lightning strike provided proof positive that
Broadband Over Powerline is a nightmare for High
Frequency radio communications. That story and
more on Amateur Radio Newsline(tm) report number 1545 coming your way right
(Billboard Cart Here)
BPL INTERFERENCE: THE LIGHTNING STRIKE OF PROOF
A lightning induced power failure in an
Australian community has provided graphic proof
that Broadband Over Powerline communications can
be the source of massive interference to High
Frequency communications. W-I-A newsman Justin
Giles-Clark, VK7TW, joins us from South Hobart with the details:
On the morning of 17 February 2007 a lightning
strike caused the loss of power in the Mt Nelson
area. With power and BPL systems non-
operational, background noise level measurements
where taken around the QTH of VK7HCK and VK7HK.
Measurements were taken on 20 meters using Owen
VK1OD's field strength measurement
software. Comparisons between the previous noise
floor measurements taken in January, March and
July 2006 and measurements taken with no power
and no BPL, show a noise floor that is between
10.9dB (12 times lower) and 12.6dB (18 times)
lower than the previous noise floor measurements
taken outside the BPL Trail area.
The most likely explanation for the lower
measured noise floor level is the lack of power
in the previously BPL enabled area. This
would mean that all mains power devices
including BPL equipment would have ceased to
operate and therefore ceased to emit any contributory radio frequency
The key conclusion from this report is that the
interference caused by B-P-L emission levels has
been grossly understated. The complete report is
available on the VK7 BPL Watch Page. At
www.vk1od.net/fsm/ and http://reast.asn.au/vk7bplwatch.php#NoiseFloor
THE BPL FIGHT: IEEE DEVELOPS WORLD WIDE BPL STANDARD
Back in the United States,
Broadband-Over-Powerline has received words of
guidance from the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers. Better known as the IEEE
the assembly of technologists has announced that
a working group has developed requirements for a
baseline B-P-L standard that will hopefully
mitigate some of the current problems it causes to radio communications.
In its statement on March 14th, the IEEE 1901
Working Group said it has developed more than 400
requirements for the B-P-L standard. It had also
issued a June 4th deadline in calling for
proposals for technical systems that meet these
conditions. This involves protocols that govern
how hardware for various applications can share
the medium without interfering.
Entitled "Standard for Broadband over Power Line
Networks: Medium Access Control and Physical
Layer Specifications," the document will
hopefully pave the way for sending high-speed
digital data over power lines between substations
and home and offices with minimal interference to
other spectrum users. It will also provide
guidelines for the transmission of digital voice,
data, and video over electrical lines within structures.
With its new standard now released, the IEEE
expressed optimism that a draft global standard
could be created in 2008. After that, companies
would have a master plan to guide them to
manufacture components and systems to develop the BPL industry.
for more. (IEEE)
REGULATORY: HAM RADIO BAND PROPOSALS TO THE ITU
Three items extremely important to Amateur Radio
are contained in a draft text of the technical
report to the World Radiocommunications
Conference. This in a paper that has been in
preparation by the ITU-R study groups over the past 3 to 4 years.
The items of consequence to hams are the
proposing a world-wide secondary Low Frequency
allocation to the Amateur Service between 135.7
and 137.8 Kilohertz. Also a proposal for a
world-wide primary allocation to the Amateur
Service of the band between 7.2 and 7.3 MHz and a
world-wide secondary allocation between 5.26 and 5.420 MHz.
The 135.7 kHz allocation proposal is widely
accepted. Japan has suggested that the power
limit for that spectrum be left to each
administration to be determined. This position
was strongly opposed by the Arab countries.
During a recent meeting, some compromise was
reached with a small change to the text.
A review of the allocations between 4 and 10 MHz
was much more difficult. It turns out that there
are major disagreements between opposing
groups. This could lead to the proposed Amateur
Service expansion of the 40 meter band becoming a bargaining chip.
A lot of behind maneuvering by an International
Amateur Radio Union team resulted in the 40 meter
proposal remaining intact in the final
report. Even so, a lot of work lies ahead for
the IARU and individual societies world-wide. (Southgate, SARL)
NAMES IN THE NEWS: KB2GSD SAYS US NEEDS TO GET OUT OF IRAQ
Famed CBS newsman Walter Cronkite, KB2GSD, says
that it time for the United State to get out of
Iraq. Amateur Radio Newsline's Fred Vobbe, W8HDU, has the details:
Retired CBS news anchor Walter Cronkite, KB2GSD,
says that the war in Iraq was a mistake and that
we should have gotten out a long time ago.
The 90-year-old Cronkite was in San Jose,
California on Friday, February 23rd addressing
the city's Commonwealth Club. Later, in an
interview with the local CBS affiliate, weighed
in on the situation in Iraq saying the entire war
there it's a disaster and the earlier we get out the better.
It was in 1968, when the then CBS Evening News
anchorman did a tour of Vietnam, and came back
highly critical of that war. His declaration that
the Vietnam War was un-winnable led to such a
shift in public opinion against the war that then
President Lyndon Johnson was quoted as
having said, "If I've lost Cronkite, I've lost America."
But that was then and this is 2007. And when
asked if his strong words against the Iraq War
would have the same impact as his words against
the Vietnam War, KB2GSD responded -- quote: "I
would like to think it would be helpful in
getting us out of there. Anybody who can put
another match to that fire, to get us out would be, I think, welcome"
What effect if any that KB2GSD's statement on the
Iraq war might have on future U-S foreign policy,
is unknown. The complete interview with Walter
Cronkite is on-line at
(RW, KPIX-CBS-5, other published reports)
RESCUE RADIO: POTENTIAL WEATHERSAT FAILURE COULD MEAN MORE WORK FOR HAMS
Ham radio SKYWARN and post-storm relief
operations could become even more vital in the
future. This if a key weather satellite that is
already beyond its expected life span were to fail on-orbit.
Bill Proenza is the new Director of the National
Hurricane Center in Miami. He is quoted in the
Southern Mississippi Sun Herald as saying that
certain hurricane forecasts could be up to 16
percent less accurate if the aging satellite
ceases to operate before it can be replaced.
One of Proenza's immediate concerns is the
so-called "QuikScat" weather satellite. This is
a bird that permits forecasters to measure basics
such as wind speed. Replacing it would take at
least four years even if the estimated $400
million cost were available immediately.
"QuikScat" is currently in its seventh year of
operation and was only expected to last
five. Without the satellite providing key data,
both two and three day forecasts of a storm's
path would be affected. That would also mean
longer stretches of coastline would have to be
placed under warnings, and more people than
necessary would have to evacuate. Both of these
are areas where ham radio volunteers are
considered vital based on their training and
expertise. (Adapted from Mississippi Sun Herald)
From the United States of America, We are the
Amateur Radio Newsline, heard on bulletin
stations around the world including the K0ASH
repeater of the Ashland amateur Radio Club serving Ashland, Nebraska.
(5 sec pause here)
ENFORCEMENT: NEW FCC AMATEUR RADIO ENFORCEMENT WEB PAGE
The FCC is now publishing its own list of
regulatory offenders on a newly created web site
for that purpose. As of March 14, most Amateur
Radio enforcement matters began being made
available on the FCC's "Amateur Radio Service
Enforcement Actions" cyberspace page.
According to FCC enforcement specialist Riley
Hollingsworth, the agency expects to update the
page it every 7 to 10 days. It will be a
cumulative listing. That presumably means what
gets posted for the most part will remain posted permanently.
Also, not every bit of correspondence will be
included at the site. Such items as letters
requiring re-testing or those requesting an
initial response to a complaint will not be
included. The link is http://www.fcc.gov/eb/AmateurActions/Welcome.html)
ENFORCEMENT: YET ANOTHER HEFTY ILLEGAL CB GEAR SALES FINE
The Federal Communications Commission has ordered
Charles E. Vance III doing business as CB Candy
Electronics to pay a $14,000 monetary
forfeiture. This, for offering for sale
non-certified Citizens Band transceivers and
external RF power amplifiers at his place of
business in Ontario, California. Amateur Radio
Newsline's Bruce Tennant has mo
This is a story that will sound similar to one we
reported last week regarding the advertising and
sale of non FCC certified transmitters for 11
meters. This time around it is illegal C-B gear
on a website that is bringing a hefty monetary forfeiture.
The FCC says that Charles E. Vance III is being
fined for willful and repeated violation of
Section 302(b) of the Commissions Act and
Sections 2.803(a)(1) and 2.815(c) of the
Commission's Rules. This, based on several
pieces of non certificated radio transmitting
equipment listed for sale on his CB Candy Electronics website.
Thee FCC says that on June 28, 2005, an agent
from the Enforcement Bureau's Los Angeles Office
visited the CB Candy Electronics website. There
he downloaded a sales catalog that displayed and
offered for sale multiple makes and models of
non-certificated CB transceivers. The catalog
also included numerous makes and models of
external radio frequency power amplifiers. A
review of the Commission's records revealed that
these devices had not received an equipment authorization from the
On June 28, 2005, the Los Angeles Office issued a
Citation to Vance for the alleged
violations. In a response dated July 21, 2005, a
lawyer for Vance disputed "all legal and factual
contentions set forth in the citation." Vance's
council stated that the transceivers listed in
the Citation were legal to sell.
The FCC says that the response did not address
the marketing of external power amplifiers at
all. Instead it stated the expectation that the
Citation would be withdrawn within 14 days. The
Los Angeles Office did not withdraw or otherwise
cancel the Citation within the period set forth by counsel for Vance.
Instead, on September 6, 2005, and again on
February 3, 2006, an agent from the Los Angeles
Office again visited the CB Candy Electronics
website. The agent downloaded the identical
catalog as found on the website on June 28,
2005. All of the non-certified CB transceivers
and external RF power amplifiers were still being offered for sale.
On March 22, 2006, the Los Angeles Office issued
a Notice of Apparent Liability in the amount of
$14,000 to Vance. Vance's legal counsel filed a
response on May 4, 2006, stating he was unable to
obtain a copy of the catalog referenced in the
N-A-L from Commission staff and argued that the
refusal to provide him a copy of the catalog was a denial of due process.
But the FCC disagreed. In affirming the fine,
the regulatory agency said that Sections 0.453
and 0.455 of the Rules detail the records that
are routinely available for public inspection at
the Commission. Unless a type of record is so
listed, a request to inspect the record must be
made pursuant to the Commission's Freedom of
Information Act procedures. The FCC says that
the type of investigatory records compiled for
this enforcement action are not so listed.
Therefore, Vance's counsel was required to file
such a request to obtain them. But Vance's lawyer
filed no such request and, consequently, failed
to invoke the procedure mandated by the
Commission to obtain such records. Therefore the
FCC find no merit to his allegation that he was denied due process.
As to the actual violations, the FCC says that it
has received no other response from Vance to the
Notice of Apparent Liability. Consequently,
based on the information before it, and having
examined it according to the statutory factors
and in conjunction with the Forfeiture Policy
Statement, it finds that neither reduction nor
cancellation of the proposed $14,000 forfeiture is warranted.
For the Amateur Radio Newsline, I'm Bruce Tennant, K6PZW, in Los Angeles.
The $14,000 fine was affirmed on Match
14th. Vance was given the customary 30 days to
pay or to file a further appeal. (FCC)
RADIO ROBERY: ANTENNAS STOLEN FROM REMOTE SITE
Ed Tipler, WI6RE, reports via the CGC
Communicator on a radio site theft. He says that
thieves cut the hinges off a communications tower
fence gate on El Paso Peak, 10 Miles South of
Ridgecrest California. They then made off with
several antennas from the site.
According to Kern County Sheriff there were other
communications sites hit over the weekend of
Match 10th. Most took place along Highway 395
from the towns of Boron to Little Lake. (CGC)
OPERATING AIDS: CQ MAGAZINE PUBLISHES HF OPERATORS SURVIVAL GUIDE
CQ Magazine has introduced a new HF Operator's
Survival Guide that it says is in response to the
recent changes in licensing rules and operating
privileges for all radio amateurs.
The 16 page booklet was penned by CQ Editor Rich
Moseson, W2VU, Contesting Editor John Dorr, K1AR
and award winning ham radio educator Gordon West
WB6NOA. Its purpose is to welcome those who have
never before operated on the bands below 6 meters
to the interesting and challenging world of High
Frequency Amateur Radio communications in a way
that makes it fun to join the crowd.
Among other topics covered are how to choose the
gear and antenna that you will need, how to
operate on the H-F bands, the individual
characteristics of each HF ham band and the
various modes and operating activities. Also
included is an easy to understand band chart that
tells you which license class has what privileges on each band.
The new CQ HF Operator's Survival Guide is
available directly from CQ. Contact them toll
free at 800-853-9797 for pricing and available
discounts for bulk purchases. More is on-line
at www.cq-amateur-radio.com. (CQ)
HAM HAPPENINGS: THE NAB HAM RADIO RECEPTION - APRIL 18 IN LAS VEGAS NEVADA
Bob Heil, K9EID, says that Heil Sound will once
again be hosting the Amateur Radio Reception at
this years National Association of Broadcasters
Meeting in Las Vegas. Bob tells Amateur Radio
Newsline that this year Heil Sound will be joined
by B-S-W Professional Audio Gear of Seattle,
Washington to host the event. B-S-W is one of the
largest supply companies for the broadcast industry'
As has been the tradition, dozens of prizes will
be given away during the two-hour event. Among
them will be some Heil Performance microphones
signed by famed rock guitarist Joe Walsh, WB6ACU
of the Eagles. The date is Wednesday evening,
April 18th in the Hilton Convention Center
meeting room area in Ballroom B. Check out
www.heilsound.com for updates in coming days. (Heil Sound)
HAM HAPPENINGS: THE INTERBATIONAL DX CONVENTION
- APRIL 27-29 IN VISALIA CALIFORNIA
Also, Bob Heil along with Chip Margelli, K7JA,
will be presenting a special seminar titled
"Audio Reinforcement in Contesting" at the
upcoming International DX Convention. That event
takes place April 27th to the 29th in Visalia,
California. Also at this years DX extravaganza
will be CQ Magazine editor Rich Moseson, W2VU,
with a presentation titled "Working Your First
100 Countries" This years 58th Annual
International DX Convention is sponsored by The
Northern California DX Club. It will be held at
The Visalia Holiday Inn Hotel & Conference
Center. More information is on-line at www.dxconvention.org (Press
HAM HAPPENINGS: THE SWODXA DAYTON HAMVENTION DX DINNER.
The 22nd annual DX Dinner sponsored by the South
West Ohio DX Association will be held on Friday
evening, May 18th in conjunction with the 2007
Dayton Hamvention. The venue once again is
the Crowne Plaza Hotel, located in Dayton City
Center with Ward Silver, N-0-A-X, slated as the
events Keynote Speaker. Further information may
be obtained from Jay Slough. K4ZLE, 8183 Woodward
Dr., West Chester, Ohio. His zip is 45069 (Press release)
NAMES IN THE NEWS: EDITH LENNON, N2ZRW, NAMED
EDITOR OF POPULAR COMMUNICATIONS MAGAZINE
Edith Lennon, N2ZRW, has been named Editor of Popular Communications
Lennon's name may be familiar to readers of CQ
Communications magazines and books. In addition
to her work on Popular Communications, Lennon has
been Editor of Radio magazine produced by CQ for
RadioShack, the CQ Amateur Radio Buyer's Guide,
the CQ Beginner's Guide to Amateur Radio and The
Music and Computer Educator. She has also served
as Managing Editor of several publications from
CQ and other publishers, including CQ VHF and Communications Quarterly.
Lennon replaces Harold Ort, N2RLL, who has served
as Editor of Popular Communications since 1996. (Popular Communications)
This is ham radio news for today's radio
amateur. From the United States of America, We
are the Amateur Radio Newsline with links to the
world from our only official website at
www.arnewsline.org and being relayed by the
volunteer services of the following radio amateur:
(5 sec pause here)
HAM RADIO IN SPACE: AMAT-UK SEEKS COLLOQUIUM PRESENTERS
AMSAT UK has put out a call for papers to be
presented at its 22nd International Space
Colloquium. The Space Colloquium is slated for
Friday 20th July to Sunday 22nd July at Surrey
University in Guildford, England.
If you would like to present a paper at this
year's event, send your submission to event
organizer G4DPZ as soon as possible. The absolute
latest deadline is mid-June 2007. Submissions should be
sent by email to .
The Space Colloquium is billed as the United
Kingdom's flagship amateur satellite and space
event More about is on-line at www.uk.amsat.org. (AMSAT)
WORLDBEAT - AUSTRALIA: COMMEMORATIVE MICROPHONE DONATED
Australian telecommunications provider Telstra
has placed a piece of that nations radio history
in the public domain. Graham Kemp, VK4BB, of the
WIA News is here with the details:
Telstra has given a rare microphone used to open
the Sydney Harbour Bridge 75 years ago to the
Powerhouse Museum for all Australians to enjoy.
The Reisz microphone is an example of Australian
technology manufactured in 1930 and was used to
broadcast the 1932 opening ceremony of the Sydney
Harbour Bridge to thousands of people. This
historically significant microphone was signed by
all 10 dignitaries at the opening ceremony,
including NSW Premier John T Lang, NSW Governor
Philip Game and the Bridge's Chief Engineer, JJC Bradfield.
Every good piece of history has a story behind it
and this microphone is no exception. Telstra
came into possession of this microphone through
its acquisition of the Overseas Telecommunications Commission in 1993.
(WIA via Sarah McKinnon, Telstra)
CONTEST CALANDER: THEC 2007 MOTOROLA QSO PARTY
Back on this side of the Pacific, word that the
dates of the 2007 Motorola QSO Party have been
announced. Sponsored by the Motorola Amateur
Radio Club of the Illinois Section the event
takes place beginning at 1700 UTC on April 21st
running through 0300 UTC on April 22nd. All hams
are welcome to participate. For more information
e-mail or visit www.qsl.net/k9mot/stations/k9mot/ (AA9VI)
In D-X, word that 3D2AG. is active) as FK stroke
FO5RK from Noumea, New Caledonia. He is mostly
on 40 and 20 meter CW and is scheduled to remain there until the end of
And news that DL2GAC is again active from the
Solomon Islands as H44MS. He is expected to be on until April 25th.
Also, K4QD reports hat he will be active portable
HH4 from Haiti through the 30th of March. Listen
out for him on 80 through 10 meters on Morse and
SSB. As in the past, he will operate from the
North West Haiti Christian Mission.
Last but by no means least, members of the Irish
Radio Transmitters Society are operating from
Swaziland, Africa as part of a special DXpedition
to celebrate the society's 75th anniversary. The DXpedition runs to the 30th
March. Look out for members of the AFRI 75
DXpedition on the airwaves, in particular during
St Patrick's Day and during the CQ WPX contest.
QSL al of these as directed on the air. (Various DX sources)
THAT FINAL ITEM: A CHAT WITH 2007 RADIO AMATEUR OF THE YEAR JIM HAYNIE,
And finally this week, the 2007 Dayton Hamvention
Radio Amateur of the Year has some kind words for
a lot of people and some interesting thoughts on
the hobby. Of coarse we are talking about ARRL
President Emeritus Jim Haynie, W5JBP, who
recently spoke one on one with Amateur Radio
Newsline's Mark Abramowicz, NT3V. Mark says that
the former ARRL leader still has his hand on the pulse of Amateur Radio:
For Jim Haynie, being recognized by the Dayton
Hamvention is an honor hard to put into words.
"Well, I was flabbergasted to be honest with
you," Haynie says, upon receiving word of his
selection. "And it certainly came as a surprise.
It was not something that was on my mind, anyway.
And, it's quite an honor because Dayton is such a
prestigious gathering of people - to be selected
by one's peers, I mean, it's just very, very touching to me."
Among the accomplishments the awards committee
considered in selecting Haynie for the honor was
his leadership in the fight against Broadband over Power Line Internet
Haynie made many trips to Washington and spent
hours and hours on the phone and traveling to
meetings to face the issue head-on. He says it
was worth it and he's optimistic the BPL threat is beginning to diminish.
"I don't feel it's going to go very far in the
near future," Haynie says. "It may be used for
meter reading and stuff like that, but I just see
technology going much further than just Broadband over Power Line.
"The trips to Washington, of course, served
several purposes. One, of course, was to keep the
League's name in front of the legislators and the
regulators. And, I think that's important for the
League to continue to do and I see that they're doing that.
"But this is something that we've got to stay on
and keep up with the trends in that area. BPL is
the buzz word right now amongst the utilities and
I think the League is doing a good job as to monitoring that."
The awards committee also recognized Haynie for
his promotion of Amateur Radio's role in
emergencies and establishing a relationship with
the newly-created Department of Homeland Security.
"Oh, I've always been interested in what the
amateur community can do as volunteers and as
somebody pointed out we're not first responders,
per se," Haynie says. "But there's a great deal
of contributions that amateur radio can make in any type of disaster.
"It's the fact that, again, we have to use our
skills, our knowledge and our training to do that. And, Homeland
Security is, of course, concerned with some higher levels.
"But, nonetheless, there's a lot of things that
amateur radio can do. And, I encourage people to
take advantage of that and actually participate."
Haynie says he's also pleased that another leader
in the BPL fight, Ed Hare, W1RFI, the American
Radio Relay League's lab manager, is being
recognized by the Dayton awards committee with
its special achievement award. Haynie says the honor is well deserved.
"I think he's overworked and underpaid," Haynie
says. "He's one of the best assets the League has
as far as staff personnel goes and extremely
knowledgeable and well respected in the industry.
"You know he sits on a couple of committees, one
of which is the I-E-E-E committee for broadband
specifications I guess is one of the words I
would use. I'm sure Ed would come up with something a little more
Haynie, who served two terms as ARRL president,
says things have been relatively quiet since
leaving office. But, he says he still keeps in touch.
"I still talk to Joel Harrison, the new president
and I talk to Dave Sumner occasionally, it's just
keeping up the friendship type thing because if
you work together like we have for so many years,
you just don't turn it off," Haynie says.
"They're very capable of doing what needs to be
done and there's no need for me doing any outside
consulting, if you will. I'm enjoying a well
deserved break, in my own opinion, in that respect.
"I've really enjoyed kicking back and just not
having to travel somewhere almost every weekend.
I'm sure Joel is familiar with that now because
there were some years that I traveled six or
seven weekends in a row and I don't miss that at all."
But Haynie concedes there is one thing he misses about the travel - the
"I really enjoyed going to the hamfests, the
conventions, shaking hands, stuff like that.
That's the part I miss more than anything else,
is just being out in the amateur community."
Retire? Not Jim Haynie. He says he's back in
business in the Dallas area and loving what he's doing.
"At this point, I've got some other interests,
it's not hobby related, it's job related," Haynie
says. "I've taken on a project that's got me
totally fascinated in the television field actually.
"I'm working here for a company now as their
general sales manager for motel, hotel, and
hospitals in the television industry. That's been
quite fascinating to me. It's a field I never
thought I'd be involved in and now, all of a sudden, I'm knee deep in it."
And, while Haynie says he's taking a little break
from amateur radio to get settled in his new
position, you can bet he'll be back if the need arises.
For the Amateur Radio Newsline, I'm Mark Abramowicz, NT3V, in Philadelphia.
Jim Haynie and the other award winners will
receive their honors the weekend of May 18th to
the 20th at the 2007 Dayton Hamvention. Amateur
Radio Newsline will be there to bring you all of
the action on what has become known as ham
radio's show of shows. (ARNewsline(tm))
With thanks to Alan Labs, AMSAT, the ARRL, the
CGC Communicator, CQ Magazine, the FCC, the Ohio
Penn DX Bulletin, Radio Netherlands, Rain, the
RSGB, the Southgate News and Australia's WIA
News, that's all from the Amateur Radio
Newsline(tm). Our e-mail address is
. More information is
available at Amateur Radio Newsline's(tm) only
official website located at
www.arnewsline.org. You can also write to us or
support us at Amateur Radio Newsline(tm), P.O. Box
660937, Arcadia, California 91066.
A reminder that the nominating period is now open
for the 2007 Amateur Radio Newsline Young Ham of
the Year Award. With corporate support from
Vertex Standard and CQ Magazine, this honor is
bestowed once a year to a radio amateur, age 18
or younger, who has devoted himself or herself to
the betterment of all through the hobby. More
about the award along with nominating forms is
on-line at www.yhoty.org Also see page 8 of the
March issue of QST Magazine for some great photos
of recent winners in an ad sponsored by Vertex Standard.
For now, with Bill Pasternak, WA6ITF, at the
editors desk, I'm Jim Davis, W2JKD, saying 73 and
we thank you for listening. Amateur Radio
Newsline(tm) is Copyright 2007. All rights reserved.
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